Terminalia Arjuna (Arjuna)
The arjuna is about 20-25 meters tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.
The arjuna was introduced into Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata. It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction.
Uses and Advance Studies:
• Used in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder.
Tannins, triterpenoid saponins (arjunic acid, arjunolic acid, arjungenin and arjunic acid), flavonoids, gallic acid, ellagic acid and phytosterols.
Physico Chemical Properties:
In studies in mice, its leaves have been shown to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.