Soap Nut Extracts
In soluble in chloroform, benzene, sulphuric acid, ether and petrolium ether.
In soluble in methyl alcohal and water.
Uses and Advance Studies:
• It can be utilized as an emulsifying agent for vegetable & Essential Oils.
• Foam stabilizer :Manufacture of Saopless Sahmpoo.
• It can be employed with advantage as a detergent and a wetting out agent in perference to the proprietory auxiliaries ordinarily employed in the textile Industries, particularly in the presence of hard waters at high temperatures and in neutral and alkaline media.
• A mixture of soapnut extract and coconut oil soap in equal proportions can be employed as a general textile auxiliary superior to many of the proprietry products already in use.
saponins, sapindoside A and B, kaempferol, quercetin, B-sitosterol, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleicand eicosenoic acids, glycerides.
Physico Chemical Properties:
MELTING POINT = Start to fuse at 95°C.but melting point of crude saponin is 105-107°C.
With sulphuric acid and acetic unhydride it gives deep red color. It is acidic in nature.
Elementry analysis shows that it contain Carbon 56.9%, Hydrozen 8.26% Oxygen 34.94%.
When hydrolised with 3% sulphuric acid or alcohlic solution of HCl, Saponin give cristallised sapogenin.
The melting point of sapogenin is 316° to 319°C.